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  • Writer's pictureTeshay Sterread

Navigating Rental Rights: A Property Manager talks about understanding the difference between the (LTB) and the (RTA)

Landlord Tenant board


Renting a property has become a ubiquitous aspect of modern life, with millions worldwide assuming roles as tenants or landlords. Every country and city have a complex network of rights and responsibilities governed by laws and regulations to navigate the relationship between landlords and tenants. In Canada, the Landlord-Tenant Board (LTB) and the Residential Tenancy Act (RTA) constitute critical components of this legal framework. These governing bodies possess distinct obligations, yet both are essential within the framework for landlords and tenants

The Landlord-Tenant Board (LTB) and the Residential Tenancy Act (RTA) constitute crucial legal frameworks governing landlord-tenant relationships in Canada. Both landlords and tenants must recognize the distinction between these entities and ensure that they understand how their rights and obligations are safeguarded under this framework.

Landlord-Tenant Board (LTB):

The Landlord-Tenant Board (LTB) is an administrative tribunal established to resolve disputes between landlords and tenants in various provinces in Canada, including Ontario. Its primary function is adjudicating matters related to residential tenancies by the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (RTA). The LTB operates independently from the government, and its goal is to provide an accessible and efficient means of resolving disputes without costly legal proceedings between landlords and tenants.

Critical Functions of the LTB: Dispute Resolution: 

The Landlord and Tenant Board (LTB) facilitates the resolution of conflicts between landlords and tenants, addressing concerns from both landlords and tenants, such as rent arrears, evictions, maintenance and repair, illegal acts, and other related issues. Parties can file applications with the LTB to commence a dispute resolution process, which may involve a hearing or mediation session.

Hearings and Adjudication: 

The LTB conducts hearings, during which both landlords and tenants have the opportunity to present their cases and provide evidence. Adjudicators appointed by the board make decisions based on the evidence presented and the provisions of the RTA.


Once a decision is made by the LTB, it is legally binding on both parties. The board ensures compliance with its orders, which may include the payment of rent arrears, termination of tenancy, or other remedies.

Residential Tenancy Act (RTA):

The Residential Tenancy Act (RTA) is provincial legislation that governs the rights and responsibilities of landlords and tenants in residential tenancies. 

The RTA is the governing body that sets out the legal framework for various aspects of the landlord-tenant relationship, including rent increases, lease agreements, maintenance standards, eviction procedures, and more. 

Key Provisions of the RTA : (Contact a Property Manager for more information)

Rent Control: 

The RTA regulates rent increases for most residential units, limiting how landlords can raise rents annually. The goal is to help ensure that rental housing remains affordable and prevent excessive rent hikes.

Tenant Rights: 

The RTA outlines tenants' rights, including the right to a safe and habitable living environment, privacy, protection against unlawful eviction, and participation in the LTB dispute resolution process.

The RTA imposes certain obligations on landlords, such as maintaining the rental property in good repair, providing essential services (e.g., heat, water, and electricity), and adhering to eviction procedures outlined in the legislation. For example, proper notice should be provided, such as a minimum of 60 days, when the landlord is ending a tenancy, including but not limited to the landlord paying one month's rent or providing another housing option that should suit the tenant's needs.

Distinguishing Between the LTB and the RTA:

While the LTB and the RTA are closely interconnected, they serve distinct roles within the rental housing system: Legal Framework vs. Dispute Resolution: 

The RTA establishes the legal framework governing residential tenancies, while the LTB provides a mechanism for resolving disputes and enforcing the provisions of the RTA.

Legislation vs. Administrative Tribunal: 

The RTA is provincial legislation enacted by the government, whereas the LTB is an administrative tribunal responsible for interpreting and applying the provisions of the RTA in specific cases.

Rights and Obligations: 

The RTA generalizes landlords' and tenants' rights and obligations, while the LTB interprets and applies these rights and obligations to specific disputes brought before it.


In summary, the Landlord-Tenant Board (LTB) and the Residential Tenancy Act (RTA) are essential components of the legal framework governing residential tenancies in Canada, particularly in provinces like Ontario. The RTA sets out the rights and obligations of landlords and tenants, while the LTB plays a pivotal role as a dispute resolution mechanism. This underscores the importance of the LTB in ensuring compliance with the RTA's provisions. For landlords and tenants, understanding this distinction is key to navigating the complexities of the rental housing system and protecting their interests.  AllProperty Services has been in the business for over a decade and is strategically placed to do all the heavy lifting on your behalf.

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